Abraxane, a novel Cremophor-free, albumin-bound particle form of paclitaxel for the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

2018 Nov 23

Background: Abraxane (ABI-007) is a novel 130-nm, albumin-bound (nab) particle form of paclitaxel designed to
utilize endogenous albumin pathways to increase intratumor concentrations of the active drug. This multicenter phase
II study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Abraxane 260 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in patients with
non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Patients and Methods: Patients with histologically confirmed, measurable NSCLC received Abraxane as first-line
Results: Forty-three patients were enrolled. The overall response rate was 16%; the disease control rate was 49%.
Median time to progression was 6 months, and median survival was 11 months. The probability of not having
progressed by 1 year was 13%; the probability of surviving 1 year was 45%. No severe hypersensitivity reactions were
reported despite the lack of premedication; 95% of patients were treated without dose reduction. Two patients (5%)
discontinued therapy because of treatment-related toxicities (neuropathy, fatigue [1 each]). No grade 4 treatmentrelated
toxicity occurred.
Conclusions: Abraxane 260 mg/m2 administered IV over 30 min without premedication was well tolerated.
Significant tumor responses and prolonged disease control were documented in this group of patients with NSCLC.
Exploration of higher doses of ABI-007 alone and in combination with other drugs active in NSCLC is warranted.
Key words: ABI-007, nab, nanoparticle, nab-paclitaxel

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